New Delhi, 18 January 2006
Pattani - a Chinese built OPV acquired by the Royal Thai navy.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) last month delivered the first
of two offshore patrol vessels (OPV) to the Royal Thai Navy (RTN),
and also inked a US$115 million deal to supply 96 NORINCO-built
WZ-551 6 x 6 armoured personnel carriers to the Royal Thai Army (RTA)
under a counter-trade agreement.
The OPVs have been built by the China State Shipbuilding Corp’s (CSSC)
Shanghai-based Hudong Zhonghua Shipyard under an agreement signed
in May 2002. The first OPV is named HTMS Pattani (511) and it was
delivered to Thailand on December 16. The second OPV, called HTMS
Naratiwat (512), will be delivered this March. Both vessels were
launched in 2004 and make extensive use of COTS technologies to
keep the acquisition and maintenance costs low. Each OPV has a
length of 95.5 metres, beamwidth of 11.6 metres, displaces 1,440
tonnes, is crewed by a complement of 84 personnel, and is powered
by twin Rushton 16RK270 diesel engines driving twin
controllable-pitch propellers. The armaments package comprises one
OTOBREDA 76/62 main gun and twin 40mm secondary guns. Both OPVs
also feature one rear helicopter deck capable of housing
helicopters like the AgustaWestland-built Super Lynx Mk300.
The OPVs’ combat management system is STN ATLAS of Germany’s COSYS
Mk1, which was selected in June 2003. STN Atlas was also the overall
systems integrator. The fire-control systems include one TMX
supplied by Oerlikon Contraves AG. Rohde & Schwarz has supplied the
integrated communications system, while Raytheon Marine GmbH’s
integrated platform and machinery management system has been
installed. SELEX Sistemi Integrati was selected in April 2003 to
supply two X-band RAN 30X/I mast-mounted naval surveillance radars
worth Euros6 million. The RAN 30X/I has four operational modes:
surface and air surveillance mode for small airborne/surface
targets; navigation and helicopter control mode with high antenna
rotation speed for navigation close to the coastline;
over-the-horizon detection mode with low-antenna rotation speed and
long-range detection capability; and anti-sea-skimming cruise
missile detection mode, with high-antenna rotation speed to detect
and track very small manoeuvring targets.
CSSC had earlier delivered four 1,924-tonne 05HT guided-missile
frigates to the RTN in the early 1990s, comprising the HTMS
Chaophraya (455), HTMS Bang Pakong (456), HTMS Kraburi (457) and
HTMS Saiburi (458). In addition, CSSC supplied a new-build Hudong-Type
R22T-class fleet replenishment tanker in the late 1990s. This tanker
is 171 meters long and displaces 22,000 tonnes at full load. It also
has a flight deck and a hangar for one helicopter.
New APCs for RTA
The 96 WZ-551s ordered for the RTA will be delivered by NORINCO over
a three-year period, with the first units beginning to arrive in
Thailand this August. The 15.3-tonne WZ-551 APC has an all-welded
armoured hull, can accommodate nine armed personnel, and
is fully amphibious, being propelled through the water by two
shrouded propellers mounted one each side under the rear of the APC.
These are swung backwards when in water. The engine compartment,
housing a 256hp Deutz B diesel engine, is to the rear of the
driver’s compartment. The commander and driver sit at the front of
the APC with the commander at the right, driver to the left and the
gunner behind the commander. The main armament is a turret-mounted
25mm cannon with an ammunition load of 400 rounds.