An IDC Analysis


New Delhi, 29 June 2002

Our regular visitors may recall that in October 2001 we had posted on our website the text of a speech made by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam at Hyderabad. The article is still available under the title ‘My Vision of India by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam” on our ‘What’s Hot’ page. He had just retired from service and was speaking to young people at Andhra University.

This may turn out to be the last independent personal speech he may make for some time, as after his election to the President’s job, the Cabinet will control what he says. At the time he spoke what was music to our ears. The views he expressed reflected his vision for India’s future and the passion he had to see that India took its place as one of the great nations of the world. His views are as relevant today as they were at the time and we reproduce the speech below for all to reread and savour.

Dr Kalam makes three major points and asks for discipline and hard work. IDC wishes him well as our future Supreme Commander. Not being married we hope he will marry the cause so dear to his heart.

  • SECURITY OF INDIA IS PARAMOUNT and even Adam Smith said " To spend on Defence is the prime responsibility of the Sovereign.” Now as the C in C has the task to pass this message to the Nation and its Leaders and guide them.

  • DEVELOPMENT IS IMPORTANT and that includes the need for a healthy Economy. We need to accelerate our growth rate to some 9% annually or the battle to remove poverty, illiteracy and disease will never be won. In the region we have to strive for stability and again we say with confidence –– Musharraf is willing to accept some cooperation on the LOC but we need to talk to him. India is now the 11th largest buyer of Foreign defence hardware and yet there is no transparency. It will be a great strain on the economy as the Rupee devalues along with the dollar. Yet the Defence site of MOD displays no tenders enquiries and UK has said it has sold 64 items worth $64 million to India in the last eight months.

  • INDIA NEEDS CONFIDENCE and that can come from the Leaders knowing their jobs and trying to do their best to eradicate the emotional issues and put them on the back burner –– like Hindu BJP, Hindutva and temple goings on. Government subsidies and pampering those who are parasites on the system. There is need to tone up the bureaucracy and ensure they face some competition.

India's leaders are due for a reshuffle and maybe Mamta will be in and Sinha will be out, but what we need is efficiency and cohesion. The new team needs to lead India ahead and forget thinking of lining their pockets. As Ministers they have to think through all issues and policies with honesty and clarity, and take sane advice if they are not experts. India as a non-terrorist Hindu dominated secular state is well poised for growth and history is giving us a tide to ride on.

India can be the best destination for foreign investment and tourism if we stick to policies. India cannot wish away globalisation and we must take full advantage of the help that USA, Europe and Russia can offer.

At this juncture we need to emulate the example of SRI LANKA, which under an enlightened PM Ranil Wickramesinghe, has in just six recent months gone about changing the country's life and mindset. Peace and stability are essential for progress. The economy and day-to-day life are looking up. He has decided to talk to LTTE's Pirabhakaran via Norway and see the ban on him is removed in July before the peace talks in Bangkok and opened skies to boost earnings from tourism. The troops are vacating schools and hotels in Jaffna and educational institutions are being reopened to see that the Youth are reoccupied.

The Air Force, which was running charters has given way to the private company Helitours. PM Ranil wants an economic partnership with India and Sonia Gandhi rightly said only economic cooperation will lead to strategic understanding. PM Ranil knows how important USA is and is getting all cooperation from the West. President Bush and PM Blair have assured all help and $580 m have already poured in to Sri Lanka as aid.

News in London is that the Indian Oil Corporation will take over the very strategically located Oil Tank Farms at Tricomalee and the Indian Navy will provide security. Since Norway's Erik Solheim is the key to the peace talks India's Ambassador there Nirupam Sen is being prematurely posted to Colombo and exchanges places with Ambassador Gopalakrishna Gandhi. USA is concerned and has signed the ACSA an Agreement for Acquisition and Cross Servicing wherein US will use Sri Lankan facilities for their Armed Forces and bunkering of their ships


17 October 2001


By Dr APJ Abdul Kalam

I have three visions for India. In 3000 years of our history people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards, the Greeks, the Turks, the Moguls, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took over what was ours. Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way of life on them. Why? because we respect the freedom of others. That is why my first vision is that of FREEDOM. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and build on. If we are not free, no one will respect us.

My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. We are among the top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling. Our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self-reliant and self-assured. Isn't this incorrect?

I have a third vision. India must STAND UP to the world. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand. My good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept of Space, Professor Satish Dhawan, who succeeded him and Dr Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material. I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life.

I see four milestones in my career: ONE –– the 20 years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director of India's first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3, the one that launched Rohini. These years played a very important role in my life as a Scientist. TWO –– after my ISRO years, I joined DRDO and got a chance to be a part of India's missile programme. It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994. THREE –– The Dept of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13, 1998. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it, that we are no longer a developing nation but one of them. It made me feel very proud as an Indian. The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material, a very light material called carbon-carbon. FOUR –– one day an orthopaedic surgeon from the Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic callipers weighing over three Kg each, dragging their feet around. He said to me, “ Please remove the pain of my patients”. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram callipers and took them to the orthopaedic centre. The children didn't believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg load on their legs, they could now move around! These patients’ parents had tears in their eyes. That was my fourth bliss!

Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are the first in milk production. We are number one in remote sensing satellites. We are the second largest producer of wheat. We are the second largest producer of rice. Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed with the bad news, failures and disasters.

I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. But the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchard and a granary. It was this inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings, bombardments, deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news.

In India we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime. Why are we so NEGATIVE? Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? We want foreign TVs, foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported. Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance?

I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14-year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life was? She replied, “I want to live in a developed India.” For her, you and I will have to build this developed India. You must proclaim, India is not an under-developed nation; it is a highly developed nation.

Allow me to come back with vengeance. Got 10 minutes for your country? YOU say that our government is inefficient. YOU say that our laws are too old. YOU say that the municipality does not pick up the garbage. YOU say that the phones don't work, the railways are a joke, the airline is the worst in the world, mails never reach their destination. YOU say that our country has been fed to the dogs and is the absolute pits. YOU say, say and say. What do YOU do about it?

Take a person on his way to Singapore. Give him a name –– YOURS. Give him a face –– YOURS. YOU walk out of the airport and you are at your International best. In Singapore you don't throw cigarette butts on the roads or eat in the stores. YOU are as proud of their Underground Links as they are. You pay $5 (approx. Rs.60) to drive through Orchard Road (equivalent of Mahim Causeway or Pedder Road) between 5 PM and 8 PM. YOU comeback to the parking lot to punch your parking ticket if you have over stayed in a restaurant or a shopping mall, irrespective of your status identity. In Singapore you don't say anything, DO YOU?

YOU wouldn't dare to eat in public during Ramadan, in Dubai. YOU would not dare to go out without your head covered in Jeddah. YOU would not dare to buy an employee of the telephone exchange in London at 10 pounds (Rs.650) a month to, "see to it that my STD and ISD calls are billed to someone else." YOU would not dare to speed beyond 55 mph (88 kmph) in Washington and then tell the traffic cop, "Jaanta hai sala main kaun hoon (Do you know who I am?). I am so and so's son. Take your two bucks and get lost."

YOU wouldn't chuck an empty coconut shell anywhere other than in the garbage pail on the beaches in Australia and New Zealand. Why don't YOU spit Paan on the streets of Tokyo? Why don't YOU use examination jockeys or buy fake certificates in Boston? We are still talking of the same YOU. YOU who can respect and conform to a foreign system in other countries but cannot in your own. You who will throw papers and cigarettes on the road the moment you touch Indian ground. If you can be an involved and appreciative citizen in an alien country why cannot YOU be the same here in India.

Once in an interview, the famous ex-municipal commissioner of Bombay Mr Tinaikar had a point to make. "Rich people's dogs are walked on the streets to leave their affluent droppings all over the place," he said. "And then the same people turn around to criticize and blame the authorities for inefficiency and dirty pavements. What do they expect the officers to do? Go down with a broom everytime their dog feels the pressure in his bowels? In America every dog owner has to clean up after his pet has done the job. Same in Japan. Will the Indian citizen do that here?" He's right.

We go to the polls to choose a government and after that forfeit all responsibility. We sit back wanting to be pampered and expect the government to do everything for us whilst our contribution is totally negative. We expect the government to clean up but we are not going to stop chucking garbage all over the place nor are we going to stop to pick a up a stray piece of paper and throw it in the bin. We expect the railways to provide clean bathrooms but we are not going to learn the proper use of bathrooms. We want Indian Airlines and Air India to provide the best of food and toiletries, but we are not going to stop pilfering at the least opportunity. This applies even to the staff, who are known not to pass on the service to the public.

When it comes to burning social issues like those related to women, dowry, girl child and others, we make loud drawing room protestations and continue to do the reverse at home. Our excuse? "It's the whole system which has to change, how will it matter if I alone forego my sons' rights to a dowry." So who's going to change the system? What does a system consist of? Very conveniently for us it consists of our neighbors, other households, other cities, other communities and the government. But definitely not me and YOU.

When it comes to us actually making a positive contribution to the system we lock ourselves along with our families into a safe cocoon and look into the distance at countries far away and wait for a Mr. Clean to come along and work miracles for us with a majestic sweep of his hand. Or we leave the country and run away. Like lazy cowards hounded by our fears we run to America to bask in their glory and praise their system. When New York becomes insecure we run to England. When England experiences unemployment, we take the next flight out to the Gulf. When the Gulf is war struck, we demand to be rescued and brought home by the Indian government. Everybody is out to abuse and rape the country. Nobody thinks of feeding the system. Our conscience is mortgaged to money.

Dear Indians, this heart –– pouring from a self-made great Indian is highly thought inductive, calls for a great deal of introspection and pricks one's conscience too....I am echoing J.F.Kennedy's words to his fellow Americans to relate to Indians..... "If you want to know what you can do for India; just DO WHAT HAS TO BE DONE TO MAKE INDIA -- WHAT AMERICA AND OTHER WESTERN COUNTRIES ARE TODAY". 

Lets do what India needs from us.

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